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The ELD monitors the vehicle’s engine to collect data showing whether the engine is running, whether the vehicle is moving, how many kilometers have been traveled, and how long the engine has been running.
Until now, paper protocols or electronic flight recorders (EOBRs) have been used to track working hours. Although the Electronic Airborne Recorder Protocol (EOBR) improves the accuracy of the data, the protocols had to be converted to an equivalent paper format due to the lack of a single data format for verification and application, the Definition of Registration Status of Responsibilities (RODS) in ELD legislation defines a single format for verification by prison staff so an ELD mandate has been created.
Drivers and fleet managers used different methods for recording information about the car and the driver. Initially, it was a paper journal with handwritten notes. Some fleets still use this system, but should start using ELD in their vehicles by December 18, 2017.
Another technology is the On-Board Automatic Recorder (AOBRD). They are automated, but do not fulfill all the ELD functions, as indicated in the updated technical requirements of the ELD mandate, so they must be updated or replaced by December 16, 2019.
Some drivers record their hours of operation using a personal device - usually a mobile phone or laptop - as well as an application in which this information is stored and sent. This should be replaced by ELD no later than December 18, 2017.